托福考试辅导:语法讲解(13)

摘要:托福考试辅导:语法讲解(13)

考试点二 (not) so /as…as



比较级特殊句式(not)so/as…as 表明“好似……一样、比不上……”等含意,其构造和than句式差不多,但as…as中间的修饰词务必用原型,并且as…as务必搭配应用,

如:It is as good as it looks.

The boss is not so bad-tempered as you have described.

填空中常会得出语句的一部分(第一个as),规定填出相搭配的一部分(第二个as),一定要产生对这类搭配句式的比较敏感。

练习题:

(1)

The best way to control rats is by seeing that they have as ----.

(A) possibly little nourishment

(B) nourishment possibly little

(C) little as possible nourishment

(D) little nourishment as possible

回答:D

解释:空格处必须形容词have的宾语,另外包括as…as句式,A、B都缺乏与as搭配的构造,C词序不正确,均可清除。D中as…as possible, 为固定不动用法, 意为“尽量”.

(2)

There is evidence that prehistoric humans used fire ---- 400,000 B.C.

(A) so early

(B) the earliest

(C) as early as

(D) so early that

回答:C

解释:依句意空格处必须“早在”这一含意的恰当表述,仅有C合乎文题,用的是比较级特殊句式as...as

考试点三 the same…as

此句式也常见来表明“和……一样”,the same和as既可并用,也可分离应用,

如:She looks just the same as before.

I got the same feeling as you did.

改错题中常会将此句式错用为the same…like /than, 要练出一双慧眼将其鉴别出去

练习题:

(1)

Meadowlarks are about the same size than robins, but they have heavier bodies, shorter tails, and longer bills.

应改成:as.

解释:the same as是固定不动搭配, 表明“与...一样”

(2)

Due to sophisticated transportation networks, people can now buy the same types of perishable goods in Toronto like in New York City.

应改成:as

解释:与the same相搭配的仅有as, like不行

雅思考试托福备考toefl共享托福机经




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