新托福写作的解题流程和思路拓展

摘要:新托福写作的解题流程和思路拓展

大家以二零一一年12月17日北美地区新托福考试的单独创作真名为例,协助大伙儿把握英语作文阐述的逻辑性,启迪大伙儿的语言表达能力并提升组句工作能力。



最先,学生会见到有关第二题的题目表明:

Task 2: Writing Based on Knowledge and Experience

Directions: For this task, you will write an essay in response to a question that asks you to state, explain, and support your opinion on an issue。

Typically, an effective essay will contain a minimum of 300 words. Your essay will be judged on the quality of your writing. This includes the development of your ideas, the organization of your essay, and the quality and accuracy of the language you use to express your ideas。

You have 30 minutes to plan and complete your essay。

随后,电脑显示屏上把出現题目规定、解题框及其统计字数,左下方还会继续出現三十分钟倒数计时显示信息。本题题目以下:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

It is impossible to be completely honest with your friends。

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer。

1. 迅速入题,确立见解

见到题目后,最先确立见解,即“愿意”還是“不同意”,如:

I agree that it is impossible to be totally honest with your friends。

自然,不可以在第一句就“安全交底”,不然段首就没有什么可写了。因而,从题干中找关键词,为此为突破点渐渐地引出来中心论点。如本题题干的关键词为honest和friends,那麼何不先说说自身对这两个词的了解,即:我认为……

2. 段首(Introduction)的思路拓展

先开展埋下伏笔:

Friends make the good times even better, and keep the bad times from overwhelming us。

→ 随后以设疑方式开展衔接:

One trait of a lasting friendship is honesty, but how honest must one be?

→ 引出来中心论点:

I believe that it is impossible to remain totally honest with our friends all the time。

→ 表述中心论点:

We must not only protect their feelings and interests, but also keep our own secrets。

以所述方式展开的段首思维逻辑很强。更关键的是,大伙儿取得一道单独创作题了解如何思考,并将“头脑风暴游戏”后的念头开展流畅地表述。

3. 正中间文章段落(Essay Body)的思路拓展

Paragraph 1

先阐明本段论点,即过度以诚相待会伤到他人:

To begin with, truth can be like a sword that breaks people’s hearts instead of protecting them。

→ 转变用语解释一下这一论点:

In other words, telling someone the truth may break their heart。

→ 因而有时必须装聋作哑:

There are some situations that require us to adopt sensible silence because as a good friend, I feel obliged to support and always stand behind my friend。

→ 举例说明,以“假定 结果”的方式展开,更有感染力:

If your friend is not good-looking and there is nothing you can do to change that, maybe it’s better to just keep quiet and protect his or her feelings。

→ 再次举例说明,仍以“假定 结果”的方式展开:

Similarly, when our friends date someone we don’t like, if this person is not actually harmful to our friends, maybe we should let the relationship run its course。

→ 小结:

Therefore, being totally honest is not possible because we must protect our friends and their feelings。

Paragraph 2

明确提出本段论点,即应当传统自身的密秘:

In addition to protecting our friends by withholding information, we must also be careful to protect our own secrets。

→ 表述论点,即一些本人私事不是便捷对别人说的:

Friends sometimes share secrets with each other, but when it comes to some personal matters which we want to keep to ourselves, it is better not to share our secrets。

→ 举例子哪些的事“我”不容易有一说一:

For example, in a game called “truth or dare”, am I supposed to say who I have a crush on in front of many other friends? By no means would I tell the truth。

→ 小结:

Again, everyone has some private matters which they cannot tell anyone. So we should keep a certain distance in our relationships, even with our closest friends。

4. 尾端(Conclusion)的思路拓展

最先严格执行中心论点:

Total honesty makes no practical sense in the real world。

→ 实际到友谊,再度阐明上文提及的不可以彻底诚信的缘故:

In regard to friendships, we sometimes have to lie or keep silent in order to protect our friends’ feelings and protect our secrets。

→ 小结:

Tact and consideration of others’ feelings is more important in a friendship than unwavering honesty。

雅思考试托福备考toefl共享托福机经




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