申请文书应避免被动语态的过多使用

摘要:申请文书应避免被动语态的过多使用

被动语态沒有拼写错误,但过多的应用,会让文章内容��嗦冗杂,表述性不强。评定被动语态,就需要了解主语,宾语,和形容词。当宾语相反做主语时,便是被动语态了。



一般说来,当注重姿势承受者,无须讲出执行者或模棱两可的执行者时,要用被动语态。

• 被动语态:The window was left open.离去时,窗户是开了的 (we are left wondering who left the window open大家离开,在迷惑不解到底是谁把窗户开启的)

• 主动语态:Joe left the window open乔走的情况下把窗户打开了. (now we know that Joe is the one performing the action如今我们知道是乔开启的窗户)

• 被动语态:The ball was kicked into the goal by Wendy. 球是被温迪踢进去的(Wendy is the one doing the kicking, but she isn't in the subject position in the sentence温迪是姿势“踢”的执行者,但她在这儿并不是主语)

• 主动语态:Wendy kicked the ball into the goal.温迪把球踢进去了 (note that the active form of the sentence is shorter and more engaging留意这儿句子成分减短了,而且思路清晰观点鲜明)

上边的例文中,作者是在叙述一个关键的足球赛事。可是,过多的被动语态,让文章内容没什么发火,看起来文章内容平扁冗杂。假如能换为强悍形容词:"As the opposing team approached the goal, a striker kicked the ball towards the upper right corner. If I didn't block it, my team would lose the regional championship."文章内容就越来越简洁明了且叙述更精准和波澜起伏。

再度表明,被动语态并不是拼写错误,一些情况下你是必须应用它的。如果你必须注重姿势的承受者时,你也就必须把宾语放到主语的部位变为被动语态。举个事例,你院子里的那棵有300树轮的老树在上星期被雷劈中去世了。假如你写这一恶性事件,你仅仅想注重这棵树,而不是雷电:"The old tree was destroyed by lightning last week."语句便是被动语态,树就变成语句的侧重点。

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