学习技巧:提速托福阅读应学会猜词

摘要:学习技巧:提速托福阅读应学会猜词

大部分人到碰到生词的情况下只惦记着去查词典,但在托福阅读中常常会碰到生词,过多依靠词典不但切断阅读文章思路,更会危害速率及了解,这就必须学员学好猜词。



1.依据界定、表述猜测词义

We all know that ants are ferocious eaters. They differ widely in their diets and may be carnivorous, herbivorous, or omnivorous, meaning that some eat meat; others eat only plants while others eat a combination of both.由后边的表述我们可以得知:“carnivorous”的意思是“食肉的”;“herbivorous”的意思是“食草动物的”;“omnivorous”的意思是“杂食的”。

2.依据转述(同位语、定语等)

Today, I’d like to talk about some of the changes land can undergo, specifically desertification, process through which land becomes part of a desert.

后边的同位语告知大家“desertification”的意思是“荒漠化。”

Since the fossil of the Anchaeopteryx, the first ‘bird’, was discovered in Germany in 1861, there has been continuous disagreement as to whether or not it could actually fly.

Anchaeopteryx ― the first bird: “始祖鸟”

3.依据举例说明

After breakfast, many people go to church; but the children will be playing with their new toys, and the mother will probably be preparing the Christmas dinner. This includes poultry for the main course (e.g. chicken, turkey, duck, goose), salads, breads, and vegetable, and features a variety of desserts, for example, pies, puddings, and ice cream.

“chicken, turkey, duck, goose”同为“poultry:禽畜”。

4.依据比照关联

Jane was talking with others while Eliza remained reticent all the time.

“while”是一个显示信息比照的数据信号词,“reticent”与“talking”相对性应,“reticent”:缄默的。

Most of us agreed; however, Bill dissented.

“agreed”与“dissented”产生比照。

5.依据形容关联

The hot-air balloon took off. It was as buoyant in the air as a cork (软木塞) in water.

把滑翔机比成水里的软木塞,表明“buoyant ”的实际意义:“飘浮;水的浮力。”

6.依据近义词的取代

Venus rotates retrograde, or “backwards”, spinning in the opposite direction of its orbit around the Sun.

由“backwards”这一取代词得知“retrograde”的含意:“向后的。”

7.有时候也可依据一般性常识/社会经验猜测词义

The door was so low that I hit my head on the lintel.

门太低,我的头撞在“lintel门匾”到了。

He got on the motorbike, I sat behind him on the pillion, and we roared off into the night.

由工作经验得知“pillion”是motorbike的“后排座、后鞍。”

8.也可依据词形结构猜测词义

More recently, scientists have documented an alarmingly high occurrence of frogs with malformations.

form是词性转换, formation“方式”,mal-:构词法作为前缀,可表明“坏、恶、欠佳”,还可表明“不、异常、不善、不法。”malformation的含意就应该是“畸型。”大量的事例如:malnutrition: 缺乏营养;malconduct:(公务人员的)胡作非为;maladjustive: 造成失衡的;不好调整的。

雅思考试托福备考toefl共享托福机经




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