We all know that ants are ferocious eaters. They differ widely in their diets and may be carnivorous, herbivorous, or omnivorous, meaning that some eat meat; others eat only plants while others eat a combination of both.由后边的表述我们可以得知：“carnivorous”的意思是“食肉的”;“herbivorous”的意思是“食草动物的”;“omnivorous”的意思是“杂食的”。
Today, I’d like to talk about some of the changes land can undergo, specifically desertification, process through which land becomes part of a desert.
Since the fossil of the Anchaeopteryx, the first ‘bird’, was discovered in Germany in 1861, there has been continuous disagreement as to whether or not it could actually fly.
Anchaeopteryx ― the first bird: “始祖鸟”
After breakfast, many people go to church; but the children will be playing with their new toys, and the mother will probably be preparing the Christmas dinner. This includes poultry for the main course (e.g. chicken, turkey, duck, goose), salads, breads, and vegetable, and features a variety of desserts, for example, pies, puddings, and ice cream.
“chicken, turkey, duck, goose”同为“poultry：禽畜”。
Jane was talking with others while Eliza remained reticent all the time.
Most of us agreed; however, Bill dissented.
The hot-air balloon took off. It was as buoyant in the air as a cork (软木塞) in water.
Venus rotates retrograde, or “backwards”, spinning in the opposite direction of its orbit around the Sun.
The door was so low that I hit my head on the lintel.
He got on the motorbike, I sat behind him on the pillion, and we roared off into the night.
More recently, scientists have documented an alarmingly high occurrence of frogs with malformations.
form是词性转换, formation“方式”，mal-:构词法作为前缀，可表明“坏、恶、欠佳”，还可表明“不、异常、不善、不法。”malformation的含意就应该是“畸型。”大量的事例如：malnutrition: 缺乏营养;malconduct:(公务人员的)胡作非为;maladjustive: 造成失衡的;不好调整的。